Parahippus
Skull and Jaw (Cast)
Parahippus cognatus
By Claire H. from New York City, USA [7]
Perissodactyla/Equidae/Anchitheriiane
Caudal? Vertebra (fossil)
Parahippus leonensis?
1586 Fd. Florida, USA
Lower Jaw with Teeth (fossil)
Parahippus leonensis
1835 Fd. Suwanee River, Florida, USA
Medial Phalanx (fossil)
Parahippus leonensis
1585 Fd. Florida, USA
length 0.7"
UpperTeeth Drawing [8]
Parahippus? mourningi
Left to right, milk molars 3 and 4, M1
Mojave Desert, California, USA
_________________________

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parahippus
[2] Bennet, Deb, The Evolution of the Horse: History and Techniques of Study, 2008, 14
[3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parahipus
[4] Ibid.
[5] Osborn,Henry, The Age of Mammals in Europe, Asia and North America, (New York: The MacMillian Co., 1921), 555
[6] Ibid., 297
[7] Wikipedia Commons, [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)]
[8] Merriam, John, Tertiary Mammalian Faunas of the Mohave Desert, (University of California Publications, 1919), 476
[9] Ibid.


Lower Teeth[9]
Parahippus? mourningi (Merriam)
Left to right p3 to m2
Fd. Mojave Desert, California, USA
Lower Jaw and Teeth (fossil)
Parahippus leonensis
2078 Fd. Florida, USA
More wear than 1835
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Size

About 3.3 feet high at withers [1]

Eye sockets

Incomplete? bony rim, about 0.54 of skull length from front of skull to center of socket (Parahippus cognatus)

Type of teeth

Low crowned, enamel coating over dentine [2]

Toes

Three toes on each leg, big central toe[3]

Hooves/pads

Hoove on centrral toe [4]

Locations found

North America [5]

Other

Found side by side with Merychippus, Protohippus, Hypohippus and HIpparion [6]
Horse Evolution?
Anchippus
Anchitherium
Equus 1 (Recent)
Equus 2 (Recent)
Equus 1 (Fossils)
Equus 2 (Fossils)
Hipparion
Hippidion
Hypohippus
Kalobatippus
Merychippus
Mesohippus
Miohippus
Nannippus
Neohipparion
Orohippus
Parahippus
Pliohippus
Protohippus
Protorohippus
Unidentified
Hyracotherum (Eohippus)