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Swainson Hawk Gallery
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Upper Teeth [6]
Grinding view
Upper Molar Drawing [8]
Anchitherium aurelianense
Fd. Germany
Color added
Upper Right True Molars [7]
Anchitherium bairdi
Fd. Dakota, USA
________________________
 
[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anchitherium
[2] Simpson, George, Horses, (Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1961), 259
[3] Wikipedia, Ibid.
[4] Woodward, Henry, A Guide to the Fossil Mammals and Birds in the Department of Geology and Palaeontology in the British Museum (Natural History), (London: Harrison and Sons, 1896), 38
[5] Cope, Edward and Matthew, William, Hitherto Unpublished Plates of Tertiary Mammalia and Permian Vertebrata, (United States Government for the American Museum of Natural HIstory, 1915), Plate CVIII 
[6] Lydekker, R., A Geological History of Mammals, (Cambridge: At the University Press.,1896), 167
[7] Lydekker, Richard, Catalogue of the Fossil Mammalia in the British Museum, Part III, (London: Taylor and Francis, 1886), 49
[8] Fraas,Dr. E., Der Petrefaktensammier, (Stuttgart, Germany: K.G. Lutz' Verlag, 1910), 69
[9] Licensed by [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)]
[10] Adapted from A Guide to the Fossil Mammal and Birds in the Department of Geology and Palaeontology in the British Museum (Natural History), 7th Ed. (London: Harrison and Sons, 1896), 39. (Numbers removed and gray added)     
By PePeEfe [9], via Wikimedia Commons
Upper Jaw Anchitherium sp.
Inferior view
Fd. Yacimiento Carpetana site, Madrid, Spain
Copyright 2018 All rights reserved.
Perissodactyla/Equidae/Anchitheriiane
A
B
C
D
Upper Teeth and Forefeet [10]
A - Equus, B - Hipparion, C - Anchitherium, D - Orohippus (Hyracotherium)
Anchitherium
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Size

About 2 ft high at shoulders [1] 

Eye sockets

 

Type of teeth

Low crowned

Toes

Three toes per leg 

Hooves/pads

Uncertain whether padded or hooves [2] 

Location(s) found

North America, Europe, and Asia [3]

Other

Anchitherium aurelianense fd. France is larger than A. Bairdi fd. Nebraska Territory, USA [4]

Similar to Kalobatippus [5]

 

Horse Evolution?
Anchippus
Anchitherium
Equus 1 (Recent)
Equus 2 (Recent)
Equus 1 (Fossils)
Equus 2 (Fossils)
Hipparion
Hippidion
Hypohippus
Kalobatippus
Merychippus
Mesohippus
Miohippus
Nannippus
Neohipparion
Orohippus
Parahippus
Pliohippus
Protohippus
Protorohippus
Unidentified
Hyracotherum (Eohippus)