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TABLE 1 - COMPARISON OF STATEMENTS ON ORIGINS

 

 

 

BIBLICAL CREATION

 

DARWIN’S “DESCENT WITH MODIFICATION” THROUGH NATURAL SELECTION

 

 

EVOLUTIONISTS’

GENERALLY HELD POPULAR VIEWS

 

1st

 

C

A

U

S

E

 

 

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." [1]

 

How the heavens and earth came into being

is not addressed.

 

Everything started with a Big Bang. [2]

 

E

N

V

I

R

O

N

M

E

N

T

 

 

The earth’s environment  was specifically created

to be very habitable

by organic life. [3]

 

Does not address the earth’s original environment.

 

The earth’s original environment contained little or no oxygen and the atmosphere consisted of poisonous gases.

[4]  [5] [6]   

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

I

M

E

 

Everything was created by God in

 short periods of time. [7]

 

Descent with modification is a very slow process taking perhaps ten thousand successive generations to produce several forms “that differ largely, but perhaps unequally, from each other and from their common parent.” [8]  

 

Everything came about

by natural materialistic processes over

 billions of years. [9]  [10]

 

D

I

R

E

C

T

I

O

N

 

 Top down account

 

All kinds of organic life were originally created perfect,

 fully developed,

  distinct and

to reproduce after their specific kind only.  [11] 

 

Bottom up theory

 

“I believe that all animals have descended from at most only four or five progenitors and plants from an equal or lesser number.” [12] 

 

Bottom up theory

 

Life evolved from a

very simple cell or molecule to a multitude of more complex plants and  animals. [13]  [14] 

 

O

R

D

E

R

 

O

F

 

F

O

R

M

A

T

I

O

N

 

Life on earth was created on creation days as follows:

3rd day   

All kinds of vegetation

5th day

All kinds of sea creatures and all kinds of birds

6th day

All kinds of land animals

and

man in the image of God: both male and female. [15] 

 

 

Darwin’s tree of life [16] 

 

Base of Trunk:

 the original ancestors

Along Branches:

innumerable

 transitional forms

Branching points: common ancestors

End of Dead Branches:

extinctions

End of Living Branches:

perfected organisms

 

(Simplified)

 

1. Life on earth began

in a prebiotic soup, then evolved into the various species.  [17]

 

Theoretical examples:

 

Fish evolved to

amphibians

 that evolved to

reptiles

that evolved to

mammals [18]

 

2. Panspermia: The    various species were exported from

another world. [19] 

 

 

 

 

C

A

U

S

E

 

A

N

D

 

D

I

R

E

C

T

I

O

N

 

O

F

 

C

H

A

N

G

E

 

Changes occur only  within kinds

 

Certain variations within each kind are necessary for adaptation to different environments and/or performs other functions in accordance with their purpose as designed by God.  Although changes occur within the kind, the offspring do not become another kind.  [20]

 

Move towards imperfection within kinds

 

Original Man, male and female,  revolted against the Creator resulting in corruption: increased birth pains, weeds, wickedness, violence including murder, reduced life spans, physical imperfections, disease, etc… [21]

 

Extinctions occur by catastrophic, over hunting, disease, and other means as a result of  the corruption

of the creation. [22]

 

 

Changes occur within and above species level

 

“As natural selection acts solely by the preservation of profitable modifications, each new form will tend in a fully-stocked country to take the place of, and finally to exterminate, its own less improved parent or other less-favored forms with which it comes into competition… Hence, if we look at each species as descended from some other unknown form, both the parent and all the transitional varieties will generally have been exterminated by the very process of formation and perfection of the new form.” [23]

 

 

 

 

 

Changes occur within and above species level

 

1.  Modern Synthesis

 

“At the heart of the modern synthesis is the view that evolution is gradual and can be explained by small genetic changes in populations over time, due to the impact of natural selection on the phenotypic variation among individuals in the population.” [24]

 

2. Punctuated Equilibrium

 

 The belief “that the fossil record at any one site does not show gradual change but instead long periods of stasis followed by rapid speciation.” [25] 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

R

I

G

I

N

 

O

F

 

M

A

N

 

 

Man:

 First male, Adam, was formed from the dust of the ground and God breathed into his nostrils

the breath of life.

  First female, Eve, was formed from

 a rib of Adam. [26]

 

“(M)an is descended from a hairy, tailed quadruped, probably arboreal in its habits, and an inhabitant of the Old World.” [27]

 

 

Man descended from some ape-like common ancestors. [28]

 

E

S

S

E

N

C

E

 

O

F

 

M

A

N

 

 

 

Man was created a spiritual and physical being.  From the beginning, man possessed intelligence, a spoken language,  knowledge (except good and evil), a free will, intents and emotion. [29]

  

 

Man is just an animal.   “(T)he difference in mind between man and the higher animals, great as it is, certainly is one of degree and

 not of kind.” [30]

 

 

Man began with ape intelligence and spoke with grunts and evolved into a more advanced form.  [31]

 

 

 

 

 


[1] Holy Bible, Genesis 1:1

[2]  Big Bang Theory - An Overview, All About Science, http://www.big-bang-theory.com/

[3]  Holy Bible, Genesis 1: 2-19

[4]  Big Early Earth and the Evolution of the Atmosphere, http://eesc.columbia.edu/courses/ees/climate/lectures/earth.html

[5] Kinder, Carolyn, Earth’s Changing Atmosphere, http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1991/6/91.06.04.x.html

[6] Denton, Michael,Evolution: A Theory in Crisis (Maryland: Adler & Adler, Publishers, Inc., 1985), 261-263

[7]  Holy Bible, Genesis  1: 5,  8, 13, 19,  23,  31

[8] Darwin, Charles, On the Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection, November 24, 1859, Chapter IV

[9] Scientific Creationism, Ed. by Henry M. Morris (Arizona: Master Books, 1985), 84-85

[10] Davis, P. William and Solomon, Eldra Pearl, The World of Biology, 3rd ed. (Philadelphia: Saunders College Publishing, 1985), 706

[11] Holy Bible, Genesis 1:11-12, 20-22,  24-28

[12] Darwin, Chapter XIV

[13] Davis et.al., 703-705

[14] Margulus, Lynn and Lovelock, James E., Atmospheres and Evolution, http://history.nasa.gov/CP-2156/ch2.1.htm

[15] Holy Bible, ibid.

[16] Darwin, Chapter IV

[17] Denton, 260-261

[18] Scientific Creationism, 82-83

[19] Behe, Michael, Darwin’s Black Box  (New York, New York: The Free Press, 1996), 248-249

[20] This is a common belief held by Biblical creationists.  See Natural Selection and Adaptation Preserve Life Forms, Rather than Generate New Ones,Institute of Creation Research, http://www.icr.org/natural-selection/

[21] Holy Bible, Genesis 3 and 4

[22] Many of the reasons for extinctions are the same as we experience today and have nothing to do with natural selection.  See Holy Bible, Genesis 7 for the world wide flood.

[23] Darwin, Chapter XIV

[24] Neo-Darwinism, New World Encyclopedia, http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Neo-Darwinism

[25] Moran, Laurence, The Modern Synthesis of Genetics and Evolution, The Talk Origins Archive, http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/modern-synthesis.html

[26] Holy Bible, Genesis 2

[27] Darwin, Charles, The Descent of Man (1871), http://www.darwin-literature.com/The_Descent_Of_Man/23.html, Chapter XXI

[28] Wells, Jonathan, Icons of Evolution Science or Myth (Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing Inc., 2000), 4

[29] Holy Bible, Genesis 1: 26 - 3:24

[30] Darwin, ibid., Chapter III, 2nd to last paragraph

[31] This is a common evolutionary caveman story.

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